Baron Alexandre Lamfalussy (Hungarian:báró Lámfalussy Sándor, 26 April 1929 – 9 May 2015), was a Hungarian-born Belgian economist and central banker.
Born in Kapuvár, Hungary,Lamfalussy left his native country in 1949. He studied at the Catholic University of Leuven and Nuffield College, Oxford, where he received his doctorate in economics. He later taught at the Université catholique de Louvain and Yale.
In 1963 he was among the founders of SUERF – an association originally set up as a group to promote financial research among academics, and served as the Association’s first Honorary Treasurer. In honour of his contribution to European monetary and financial issues, he was made an honorary member of SUERF at the association’s 40th anniversary meeting held at the Banque de France in Paris.
From 1976 he was an economic adviser to the Bank for International Settlements in Basel and held the post of assistant general manager from 1981 to 1985. He was then general director of the bank, where he remained until 1993.
From 1994 to 1997 he was founding president of the European Monetary Institute in Frankfurt, forerunner to the European Central Bank.
From 2000 to 2001 he chaired the Committee of Wise Men on the Regulation of European Securities Markets, whose proposals were adopted by the Council of the European Unionin March 2001. As chair of the committee, he oversaw the creation of the Lamfalussy process, an approach to the development of financial service industry regulation used most famously in MiFID – the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive. In 2013 he was decorated with Hungary’s highest decoration, Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Stephen of Hungary. He died on 9 May 2015 in Ottignies, Belgium.